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 練習問題 

【1】I think it extremely dangerous, so far as Western civilized communities



are concerned, to imagine that there are better systems than democracy.



【2】In 1968, when I first went to Japan, it was so commonly assumed that



all foreigners were American, that I was often asked as a first question, “What



state are you from?”



【3】It is probable that it is because of the wider spacing between individuals



which is usual in the countryside that rural folk are less tense, more friendly



and better mannered than urban people.


【4】While speech is more effective in rapid and easy communication with



people who are present, it is writing which makes possible effective



communication over time and space



【5】The clothing style of television newscasters has a strong influence on



whether we trust them or not. When newscasters dress more conservatively,



the ratings are high, probably because this type of dress is consistent with



what we expect newscasters to wear.









【6】Everyone knows a language. After all, five-year-old children are almost



as good at speaking and understanding it as their parents are. Yet the ability



to carry out the simplest conversation requires profound knowledge that



speakers are unaware of. This is as true of speakers of Japanese as of English



speakers.




【7】In the earliest stages of man’s development he had no more need of



money than animals have. As he became more civilized, however, he began to



want better shelter, more efficient tools and weapons, and more comfortable




and more lasting clothing than could be provided by his own neighborhood or



by the work of his own unskilled hands. For these things he had to turn to the



skilled people. It is then that the question of payment arouse.




【8】Language, like other forms of social activity, has to be appropriate to the



speaker using it. This is why in many communities men and women’s speech



is different. In certain societies, a man might be laughed if he used language



inappropriate to his sex.








【9】The factories were built in a few special areas where water or stream



power could be used to drive the new machines. People who needed work had



to move to industrial areas working for very low wages. In order for a family



to earn a living wage, many women and children also went to work in the



factories and coal mines. It cost less to employ women and children, and soon



they were two-thirds of the work force.




【11】The decisions of the oil-producing countries to raise the price of oil left



millions people unemployed in the west.




【12】So enthusiastic were the audience that not until the singer had given



another encore would they leave the concert hall.




encore:アンコール曲



【13】Japanese, like most of the world’s population, have to maintain a



wardrobe that is suitable for wide seasonal variations in weather. It may,



however, be difficult for some Japanese mothers, depending on their economic



situation, to meet the constant needs of their growing children for new



clothes.  



wardrobe:衣服
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名言
Life consists not in holding good cards but in playing rhose you hold well. 人生とは、良いカードを持つことではない。 持ち札の中で、最高のゲームをすること…それが醍醐味である。 (作者不明) 英語名言集【2005/05/07 20:57】
感情を捨てよ。
 いちいち感情をむき出しにしてアツクなっている奴がいる。「やるぞ!」とか「燃えろ!」とか。 そういう奴は喜怒哀楽がハッキリしている。ちょっとしたことで「やったー!」と喜び、ちょっと辛いことがあると落ち込む。焦るときはいかにも焦る。不安なときは心がブレブレ THE WORDS【2005/05/07 22:05】
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